This is just a notes when I attended book discussion which held Tropenbos Indonesia, Operation Wallacea Trust (OWT), Ministry of Forestry (MoFor) on 26th April 2013. Great books, great friends (I had small reunion with old friends here as well), and of course great knowledge! You guys can actually visit MoFor to get these books for free and here are the book synopsis:
Sang Pelopor: Peranan Dr. SH Kooders dalam Sejarah Perlindungan Alam di Indonesia
By Pandji Yudistira (MoFor)
It’s a history and biography of Dr. SH Kooders, a Bandung-born Dutch botanist who pioneered the establishment of associations of natural conservationist (Nederlandsch Indische Vereeniging tot Natuurbescherming) in Indonesia. This association was founded in Bogor, 22th July 22 1912 and then proposed Natuurmonument Ordonnantie (Act Natural Monument/Nature Reserves) to The Dutch East Indies Governor General that lead to designation of 55 Natuurmonument (Natural Monument) all over Indonesia. Through this book we can read Kooders’ message that an independent association could affect development of conservation and government with initiative and motivation.
Solusi Jalan Tengah: Esai-Esai Konservasi Alam
By Dr. Wiratno MSc (MoF)
This essay compilation is based on Wiratno’s experience and background while working on NGO, Head of Gunung Leuser National Park (GLNP), and MoF. Wiratno tries to give alternative solution to solve conservation effort problems in Indonesia. He suggests solution to do fieldwork again and reuse basic scientific judgment in each conservation problem. Many conservation policies and decisions nowadays have been made without looking and compare it with reality conditions in natural habitat, for example Paper park phenomenon at GLNP, Aceh.
Nasionalisme Lingkungan: Peran Konservasi Dari Lambusango
By: Dr. Edi Purwanto (OWT)
Edi Purwanto thinks that people has morality and nationality degradation causing environmental problem worsen in every part of Indonesia. Through his NGO on Buton Island, SE Sulawesi, communication and publication through news articles, radio, and poster in Lambusango can be an example for conservation effort in Indonesia. This is a republished edition of Nationalisme Lingkungan which based on his blog and articles in various forums.
Segregate or integrate for multifunctionality and sustained change through rubber-based agroforestry in Indonesia and China
By: Dr. Hesti Tata Lestari (ICRAF)
This paper is based on research in rubber-forest in Jambi, Indonesia and Xishuangbanna, Yunnan, China. The most important points from this Agroforestry (AF) paper are:
Agroforestry in the license area utilization of timber in plantations (IUPHHK-HT) is the optimization of land use in the area with combination of permit plantations and temporal crops/livestock/aquaculture intercropping without change in the timber forest utilization. It highlights intensification and land sharing issue than land sparing that will lead to monocultures production.
- Minister of Forestry Regulation No. 19/2012 on the plantation establishment (penetapan HTI)
- Different history on rubber plantation in China and Indonesia: In China, rubber became associated with destruction on ecosystem services and reduction of biodiversity, while In Indonesia, rubber became an icon of environmental friendly integration.
Reality: In the present time, integrative approach lead to monocultures is occurred in Indonesia. Otherwise, segregate approach has been already realized ineffective to halt deforestation in China and they want to develop integrative approach in the future
- AF could be a model of future land use and government incentives to communities in the area near the woods and fields
- AF combines and integrates area through land sparing which enable incentive realisation on environmental services and bio-rights.
Other issue: emergence of green rubber certification/eco-certification/eco-labeling that will cut market chain within farmer and factory with high quality latex expected.
Guideline Forest Landscape Restoration in Indonesia
By Dr. Petrus Gunarso (TBI)
The most important principle in ‘Guideline Forest Landscape Restoration in Indonesia’ might be Principle 1 and 10 because Dr Petrus highlighted only both principles in such a short 3 minutes presentation time
Principle 1: The interest of all actors especially the inhabitants of the landscape must be assured.
Principle 10: Commitment to implementation and enforcement.
We have to think beyond forestry issue if we want to make conservation and restoration effort in forest landscape worked in Indonesia. The most important goals are food and water resource availability in the future. Local community has to become as a subject not object’ like nowadays often happened in the HCV and landscape conservation attempt. Furthermore, GIS tool is very important to support forest landscape restoration which has still developed in Indonesia.